Ultima Thule

In ancient times the northernmost region of the habitable world - hence, any distant, unknown or mysterious land.

Friday, August 19, 2005

Lions, and Tigers and Bears, Oh My!

by: BonnieBlueFlag

Some of you may remember my post of June 29th, just after the U.S. Supreme Court ruling abolishing our property rights. I maintained then that this ruling was in conjunction with UNESCO plans, to convert the United States into the naturally wild state, that existed prior to the landing of the "Pilgrims and the Mayflower." Misdirection 6/29/05

As I mentioned in that post, the term they favor to disguise their real intent, is "re-wilding," and here it is again.

Thursday, August 18, 2005

Proposal Would Transplant Lions, Elephants to U.S. Great Plains

DENVER — Lions stalking deer in the stubble of a Nebraska corn field. Elephants trumpeting across Colorado's high plains. Cheetah slouching through the West Texas scrub. Prominent ecologists are floating an audacious plan that sounds like a "Jumanji" sequel — transplant African wildlife to the Great Plains of North America.

Their radical proposal is being greeted with gasps and groans from other scientists and conservationists who recall previous efforts to relocate foreign species halfway around the world, often with disastrous results.

The authors contend it could help save Africa's poster species from extinction, where protection is spotty and habitat is vanishing.

They also believe the relocated animals could restore biodiversity on this continent to a condition closer to what nature was like before humans overran the landscape.

They suggest starting with zoo animals. The perimeters of newly created reserves would be fenced.

"We aren't backing a truck up to some dump site in the dark and turning loose a bunch of elephants," insisted Cornell University ecologist Harry W. Greene, one of the plan's authors.

While most modern African species never lived on the American prairie, the scientists believe that today's animals could duplicate the natural roles played by their departed, even larger cousins — mastodons, camels and saber-toothed cats — that roamed for more than 1 million years alongside antelope and bison.

Relocating large animals to vast ecological parks and private reserves over the next century would begin to restore the balance, they said, while offering new ecotourism opportunities to a withering region.

The scientists' plan appears in Thursday's issue of the journal Nature. It echoes the controversial 1987 Buffalo Commons proposal by Frank and Deborah Popper of Rutgers University to cut down fences of abandoned farms and reconnect corridors for native prairie wildlife.

A similar Pleistocene park is being established in Siberia. Scientists are importing bison from Canada to replace the native variety that vanished about 500 years ago.

Some ecologists said it is important to try such a bold plan. Otherwise, they said hundreds more species are likely to go extinct in coming decades and entire ecosystems like grasslands will fundamentally change.

"We're beginning to get backed into a corner," said Terry Chapin of the University of Alaska-Fairbanks. "It's something worth trying."

But the plan is triggering thunderclaps of criticism, with discouraging words like "stupid" and "defeatist" raining down in torrents.

Scientists point to Australia, which was overrun by rabbits and poisonous cane toads after misguided species relocations.

"It is not restoration to introduce animals that were never here," said University of Washington anthropologist Donald K. Grayson. "Why introduce Old World camels and lions when there are North American species that could benefit from the same kind of effort?"

Given the continuing political struggle over the reintroduction of wolves in the rural West, others wonder how African lions would be at home on the range.

"I wonder how many calves or lambs it would take to feed a family of lions for a month?" said Steve Pilcher, executive vice president of the Montana Stockgrowers Association. "We sort of know what it takes for wolves, but something tells me we would be in a whole new ballgame."

Some conservationists said the plan would further damage the prospects of African species on their native turf, as well as that continent's hopes for sustainable economic development.

"Such relocations would affect future tourism opportunities," said Elizabeth Wamba, the East Africa spokeswoman for the International Fund for Animal Welfare in Nairobi, Kenya. "The welfare of the animals would have been reduced by transporting and exposing them to different eco-climatic conditions."

The idea of "re-wilding" the Great Plains grew from a retreat at Ladder Ranch near Truth or Consequences, N.M. The 155,550-acre property is owned by media mogul and conservationist Ted Turner.

Ecologists at the ranch are planning to reintroduce the Bolson tortoise. These 100-pound burrowers were found across the Southwest, but now survive in a corner of northern Mexico's Chihuahuan Desert.

The extent of Turner's interest in the larger re-wilding plan was not immediately clear. Mike Phillips, who directs the Turner Endangered Species Fund and has directed wolf reintroductions in the Yellowstone region, was unavailable for comment.

The renewed presence of many large mammals might turn back the ecological clock in a variety of subtle ways.

For example, elephants eat woody plants that have overtaken grasslands. Could they act as Rototillers to restore the prairie?

Lions would be a harder sell, even if they would thin elk herds.

"Lions eat people," said co-author Josh Donlan of Cornell. "There has to be a pretty serious attitude shift on how you view predators."


Please note: Ted Turner has a large herd of American Buffalo for which he has managed to get subsidies, and he has made every attempt (including bills in congress) to introduce Buffalo burgers to the American dinner table. He has been unsuccessful in these money making ventures with his herd of Buffalo, so I see he has come up with another scheme. One can only hope that his pockets will be filled with Buffalo chips!

Perhaps you know about the Wild European Rabbits, and the
Cane Toads in Australia, the Killer Bees that are moving into the U.S. from South America, or the Nutria, and Kudzu, the vine that ate the South.


At 2:42 PM, Blogger Michael Morrison said...

Someone already tried to introduce camels into the wilds of the United States. His name was Jefferson Davis.
That effort was in his pre-Confederate days, and I'm sure Bonnie will know all about it.
Davis was, I think, the secretary of war and his idea was that camels would be militarily very useful in the desert.
There are camels still there, and in fact there are camel races in, I think, Virginia City, Nevada, each year.
A couple named Popper had, quite some years ago, proposed their "Buffalo Commons" theory, suggesting the Great Plains were not intended for human habitation.
Having spent several decades in North (brrrrr) Dakota -- well, OK, three-and-a-half years -- I can testify it is not suitable at all for humans, and barely so for Norwegians.
The Professors Popper suggested restocking bison -- often known as buffalo -- in the area.
Others have suggested erecting lots and lots and lots of towers with wind-powered generators -- often mis-called "wind mills" -- and thereby produce enough electricity to be called the Saudi Arabia of wind power.
Those are perhaps mutually exclusive aims: Herds of buffalo or bison might carelessly knock over those towers.
I'd like to keep both. Buffalo is delicious and a potential diner needs the electricity to see what he's eating.

At 2:45 PM, Blogger Michael Morrison said...

Woops, I carelessly skipped over the article's reference to the Poppers.
So either I prove part of the article to be true, or it proves part of my comment so.

At 2:45 PM, Blogger Billy D said...

Every time we try to fool around with this stuff, we get burned. Didn't we play this game once in Australia already? Didn't work out so well. Bad plan.

At 4:32 PM, Blogger Aussiegirl said...

Mmm Buffaloes are probably tasty -- but you can always eat by candlelight :-)

At 6:39 PM, Blogger BonnieBlueFlag said...

Michael is absolutely correct about the camels (one hump variety), being with the Army in the early days out west. I remembered the camels, but I don't know if I ever knew about President Jefferson Davis being the one to get the program going.

For the little time that they were used by the Army, they proved to be very good pack animals, but the soldiers hated having to fool with them. When the Civil War broke out, and President Davis left the Union, the camels were sold or let go to roam wild.

Years later there were alleged sightings of camels in the Southwest, one in particular was known as "Red Ghost." When you saw him, you would know that it was "Red Ghost," because a headless body was tied to his back.

Thanks for reminding us of the camels, Michael.

At 11:19 PM, Blogger Michael Morrison said...

Speaking of camels, and apropos of nothing else, the zoo in Minneapolis some years ago "married" a bactrian and a dromedary -- one has one hump and the other two. I forget which is which.
Anyway, their child was named Hubert because it was hump-free.


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