Isaac Newton, one of the greatest scientists and mathematicians in history, died on this day in 1727. This is a long and very interesting article that covers Newton's outstanding achievements in both physics and mathematics, and also looks at his difficult personality and relationships with his colleagues.
Isaac Newton was born on Dec. 25, 1642 [Jan. 4, 1643, New Style],in Woolsthorpe,Lincolnshire, Eng. d. March 20 [March 31]1727.
A London English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th century.
In optics, his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colours into the science of light and laid the foundation for modern physical optics. In mechanics, his three laws of motion, the basic principles of modern physics, resulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation. In mathematics, he was the original discoverer of the infinitesimal calculus. Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), 1687, was one of the most important single works in the history of modern science.